Sunday, 20 September 2020

Search Engine Optimization Kya Hai ?

SEO Kya Hai aur Yeh Blog ke liye Kyu Jaruri hai? ye sawal bahut se naye Blogger ko bahut pareshan karta hai.Aaj ke is digital Youg me Agar aapko logon ke samne aana hai tab Online hi vo Ekmatr jariya hai jaha aap ek sath Croro Logon ke samne upsthit ho sakte hai.

Yaha chahe to khud Video ke madhyam se upasthit ho sakte hai ya fir apne contents ke dwara logon tak apni baat pahuncha sakte hai.Lekin aisa karne ke liye aapko Search Engine ke first Page me aana kyon ki yahi vo Pages hai jinhe Visitors jyada pasand karte hai aur trust bhi karte hai

SEO क्या है और Search engine optimization कैसे करते हैं?
Search engine optimization

Lekin yaha tak pahunchna itna aasan kaam nahi hai.kyunki iske liye aapko apne Article ka sahi dhang se SEO karna hoga.Blog ki unhe sahi tarike se Optimized karna hoga jisse Search Engine me rank ho sake.aur isi Prakriya ko SEO kahte hai.Wahi aaj ke Article me ham SEO kahte hai(What is SEO in hindi)aur kaise kare ke vishay me jankari Prapt karenge.

Isliye Agar aap Blogging ko lekar Serious hai Tab to aapko SEO tutorial ke vishay me jankari jarur rakhni chahiye.aisa karne se ye baad me aapke bahut kaam aane wali hai.SEO ka waise koi Rule nahi hote hai balki ye kuch Google Algorithms ke upar adharit hai aur vo nirantar badalta rahta hai.

Ek baat ka jarur dhyan de ki yadi koi aapse kahe ki vo ek bada  SEO Expert in hindi hai tab use kabhi yakin na kare kyunki aaj tak koi bhi SEO per mastery nahi kar paya .

Ye Chiz hi aisi hai aur samay ke sath-sath hai jarurat ke hisab se ye badalta rahta hai.lekin fir bhi Google SEO guide ke kuch Fundamentals hai jo ki haesha saman hote hai.isliye ye jaruri hai Bloggers hamesha khudko naye SEO technique se updated rahe hai.

Isse aapko market me chal rahe trends ke baare me pata hogi jisse aap bhi apne Article me jaruri badlav la sakte hai jo baad me aapko rank karne me madd karegi.

Aaj ham janenge SEO ki jankari hindi me ya SEO kya hota hai.dosto pichli article me hamne jana tha ki Operating System Kya hai aur kaise kaam karta hai? .

Hinditipswala.xyz me maine aapko blogging se related jankari deta rehta hun jo aapke Blog ko Succes banane me kafi kaam aa sakti hai.

Lekin un sabhi chijo se bhi jyada jaruri cheez hai blogging ke Career me safalta paane ke liye bahut hi maaene rakhti hai vo SEO. Aaj ham janenge ki Search Engine Optimization aur ye Blog ke Liye kyun jaruri hai.

**Hum kuch niche diye Gaye Point se janenge.**

1.   SEO क्या है – What is SEO in Hindi
2.   SEO का फुल फॉर्म क्या है?
3.   SEO Blog के लिए क्यों जरुरी है?
4.   Types of SEO in Hindi
      On-Page SEO
      Off-Page SEO
5.   Local SEO
6.   SEO और Internet marketing में Difference क्या है?
7.   SEO और SEM में क्या अंतर है?
8.   SEO के बारे में जानकारी (Terms)
9.   Organic और inorganic results क्या होते हैं?
10. SEO हिंदी में

SEO Kya Hai-What is SEO in Hindi

SEO ya Search Engine Optimization Ek aisa technique hai,Jisse ham apne page ko search engine me Top me late hai.Search Engine Kya hai ye hum sabhi ko pata hai.Google puri duniya ka sabse Popular Search Engine hai iske alawa Bing,Yahoo jaise aur bhi Search Engine maujood hai.SEO ke madd se ham apne Blog ko sabhi Search Engine per No.1 Position per rakh sakte hai.

Jaise maan lijiye hum Google me jakar kuch bhi keyword type kar search karte hai to us Keyword se related jitne bhi Contents hote hai vo aapko Google dikha deta hai.ye Contents jo hame nazar aate hai woh sabhi alag-alag Blog se aate hai.

Jo Results hame sabse upar Dikhai deta hai vo Google me No.1 rank per hai tabhi vo sabse apni jagah banaye rakha hai.No.1 per hai matlab ki us blog me SEO ka bahut achi tarike se istemal kiya gaya hai jisse ki usme jyada Visitors aate hai aur isi vajah se vo blog mashoor ho gaya hai.

SEO hamare blog ko google me No 1. Rank per lane ke liye sahayta kata hai.ye ek technique hai jo aapke website ko search ke search result per sabse uper rakh usme visitors ki sankhya ko badhati hai.

Aapka website search results me sabse uper ho to Internet user sabse pahle aapke site me hi visit karenge jisme aap ki site me jyada se jyada traffic hone ki sambhavna badh jati hai aur aap ki income bhi acchi hone lagti hai.apne website pe Organic Traffic badhane ke liye SEO ka istemal karna bahut jaruri hai.

SEO ka FUll Form Kya hai?

SEO ka FUll Form hai"Search Engine Optimization".

SEO Blog ke Liye Kyun Jaruri Hai?

Aap ne jaan liye ki SEO kya hai, Chaliye ab jante hai ki ye Blog ke liye Kyun jaruri hai.Apne Website ko Logon tak Pahunchane ke liye hum SEO ka istemal karte hai.

SEO क्या है और Search engine optimization कैसे करते हैं?
What is SEO

Maanlgye maine ek website bana liye usme acche acche high Quality Contents bhi publish kar diya lekin agar maine SEO ka istemal nahi kiya to mera website logon tak nahi pahunch payega aur mere website banane ka bhi koi fayda nahi goga.

Agar hum SEOka istemal nahi karege to jab bhi koi user koi Keyword Search karega to aapke Website me us Keyword serelated agar koi content maujood hai to user aapke website ko access nahi kar payega kyunki Search engine hamare site ko dhoond nahi payega na hi hamari website ke content ko apne database per store kar payega,jisse aapke website me traffic hona bahut hi mushkil ho jayega.

SEO ko samjhna itna bhi muskil nahi hai agar apne ise Sikh liye to apne Blog ko bahut hi behtar bana sakte hai aur uski value Search Engine me badha sakte hai.

SEO ko sikh lene ke baad jab uska istemal apne blog ke liye karte hai to aapko uska result turant nahi dikhega iske liye aap ko dharye rakh kar apna kaam karte rahenge hoga.kyunki sabar ka fal mitha hota hai aur aap[ki mehnat ka rang aapko jarur dikhega.

Jaise ki maine pahle hi kah diya hun ki kaise Ranking ke liye Traffic ke liya SEO karna kyun jaruri ban jata hai.chaliye aap search engine optimization ke importance ke Vishay me aur adik jante hai

  • Jyadatar Users Internet me Search engine ka istemal apne sawalo ke Javab pane ke liye karte hai.aise me vo Search Engine dwara dikhaye gaye Top Results ko hi jyada dhyan dete hai.aise me agar aap bhi Logo ke samne aana chahte hai tab aapko bhi SEO ki madd leni Hogi blog ko rank karne ke liye.
  • SEO keval Search Engines ke liye nahi hai balki acche SEO practices ke hone se users experience ko badhane me madd karta hai aur aapke website ke usability ko bhi badhta hai.
  • User jyadatar top result ko hi trust karte haiu aur isse us website ki trust badh jati hai.isliye SEO se sandarbh me janna bahut jaruri hota hai.
  • SEO aapke site ke social promotion ke liye bhi bahut jaruri hota hai kyunki jo log aapke site ko google jaise search engine me dekhte hai tab vo jyadatar unhe Social media jaise ki Facebook,Twiiter ne share jarur karte hai.
  • SEO kisi bhi site ke traffic ko badhane me Mahatvpurn bhumika ada karta hai.
  • SEO aapki kisi bhi Copettion me jarur aage rahne me madd karta hai.exapmle ke liye agar 2 website saman Chize sell kar rahi tab jo website SEO Optimized hoti hai vo jyada customer apne aur khichte hai aur unki Sales bhi badh jata hai wahi dusri ustna nahi kar pati hai.

Type Of SEO in hindi

SEO 2 parkar ke hote hai Ek hai Onpage SEO aur Dusra Offpage SEO.in Dono ka kaam bilkul alag hai.chaliye hum inke baare me bhi jan lete hai.

  • On Page SEO
  • Off Page SEO

On Page SEO

On Page SEo ka kaam aapke Blog me hota hai iska matlab hai ki apne Website ko Thik tarah se Design karna hai jo SEO Friendly ho.

SEO ke Rule ko follow kar apne website me Template ka istemal karna.acche contents likhna aur unme acche Keywords ka istemal karna jo Search Engine me sabse jyada Khozi jati hai.

Keywords ka istemal Page Me sahi jagah karna jaise Title,Meta Description,Contents me keywords ka istemal karna isse Google ko janne me asani hoti hai.ki aapki content kiske uper likha gaya aur jaldi aapki website ko google page per rank karne me madad karta hai jisse aapke blog ki traffic badhti hai.

On page SEO kaise kare

Yaha per ham kuch aise technique ke baare me janenge jinki madd se ham apne Blog ya website ko On Page SEO acche Tarike se kar sakenge.

1. Website Speed

Website Speed ek bahut hi mahatpurn kari hai SEO ke dristi se.ek Survey se payaq gay hai ki kisi bhi visitors jyada se jyada 5 se 6 seconds hi kisi blog ya website per rahta hai.

Agar vo isi samay ke bhitar nahi khula tab vo use chor dusre me Migrate ho jata hai.aur ye baat Google ke liye bhi lago hoti hai kyunki agar aapka Blog jaldi nahi khula tab ek negative signal Gooogle ke paas jata hai ki ye blog utni acchi nahi hai ya ye jyada fast naqhi to jitna ho sake apni site ki speed acchi rakhe.

yaha maine important tips diye gai jisse aap apni blog ya website ki speed fast kar sakte hai.

  • Simple aur attractive theme ka istemal kare.
  • Jyada Plugin ka istemal na kare.
  • Image ka size kam se kam rakho.
  • W3 total Cache aur WP super cache Plugin ka istemal kare.

2. Website ki Navigation

Apni blog ya website me idhar udhar jana asan hona chahiye jisse koi bhi visitor aur google ko ek page se dusre page me jane me koi paresani na ho.

3. Title Tag

Apni website me Title Tag bahut hi acchi banaye jisse koi bhi visitos use padhe to use jald apke title per click kar de isse aapka CTR bhi increase hoga.

To be Continued 

Thursday, 17 September 2020

Operating System क्या है और क्या काम करता है?

kya aapko pata hai operating system kya hai (what is operating system in hindi)? nahi pata to bhee mat ghabrana ke koi baat nahin, iska jawab hum denge aur uske saath kuchh aur sawaal ke bhi jawab diya jayega.

jaise ki ham jaante hain ki hum ek insaan hain aur ek insaan ke paas dil hota hai. aise mein kya aapko pata hai ye dil kaise kaam karta hai, shayad ye bhi nahi pata hoga.mere kehne ka matlab ye hai ki jaise ham insaan ke paas dil hota hai theek vaise hee computer ke paas bhi hota hai, aur ise takanikee bhasha mein computer ka operating system (os) kaha jata hai.

jab bhi aap koi mobile ya phir computer istemaal karte ho to hamesha aap bolte rehte ho android, windows, mach, linux ityaadi. to ye sabhi naam ek ek operating system ke hain. kabhi android kitkat to kabhi android orio, ya agar windows ki baat ki jaye to inko koi bolta hai windows 10, windows 7, windows 8, windows xp ityaadi. vaise hi mac os mein bhi hote hai.

lekin in sab ke baare mein har kisi ko thoda bahut gyaan jarur hai, lekin kisi ko ye nahi pata ye computer ka dil matalab is os ka kaam kya hai. ek chota sa ehsaas mein aap logon ko dena chahunga ki ek operating system ek prakar ka interface hota hai end user aur hardwares ke bich.

Operating System क्या है और क्या काम करता है?waise ye kitne prakar ke hain, ye kahan kahan istemal hota hai, inke mukhy kaam kiya hai ke baare mein agar aapko aur adhik janana hai tab aapko ye article operating system kya hota hai.

Operating सिस्टम क्या है – What is Operating System in Hindi

operating system ko system software bhie kaha jata hai. isko chote naam se jyadatar log os bhi bolte hai. isako Computer ka dil (heart) bhi kaha jata hai. operating system ek system Software hai, jo ki user matlab aap ke aur computer hardware ke bich mein interface jaise kaam karta hai.

mai seedhe seedhe is vaaky ko samajha deta hu, jab bhi aap computer ko chalate ho tab ye os hee aapko computer istemal karne ka jariya deta hai. jaise aap gana sunte ho, word document ke oopar double click karte ho, 3-4 window khol ke baith jaate ho, keyboard mein kuch likhte ho, aur kuch file computer mein save karte ho to ye sab aap bina operating system ke kabhi nahi kar sakte.

to yahi os ek esa software jiski madad se aap apane computer ko chalate ho. isalie jab bhi aap naya computer khareed te ho usme aap sabse pahle usame window 8 ya phir windows10 ko load karava te ho dukandar se aur uske baad aap computer ko apne ghar le jaate ho. varana bina operating system ke to  kabhi apne computer ko on bhee nahi kar sakte.


ye bhi ek sawal hai ki isko system software kyun bola jata hai. agar aap computer main user software matlab application software ko chalana chahte ho to vo bina os ke kabhi chal hi nahi sakte.

ye os computer hardware ko acche se istemal karne mein madad karta hai. operating system mukhya roop se yahi kuch kaam karta hai jaise keyboard se kuchh input leta hai, instruction ko process karta hai, aur output ko computer screen pe bhejta hai.

is operating system ko aap tabhi dekhte ho jab computer ko on karte ho tab aur jab computer band karte ho. aap game, ms word, adobe reader, vlc media player, photoshop jaise aur bahut sare software computer ke andar rahte hai inko chalane ke liye ek program ya bada software chahiye jisko ham operating system bolte hain.

Operating System क्या है


mobile mein upyog hone vaale os ka naam hai android jiske baare mein sabko pata hai. aapko pata chal gaya hoga ki operating system kya hai, to chalo iske kuch kaam ke baare mein jaan lete hai.

operating system ke naam

alag alag kaary ke liye alag alag operating system ka istemal kiya jata hai. yahan aapko operating system list share kiya hoon, jo jyadatar log istemal karna pasand karte hai.

  • microsoft windows
  • google’s android os
  • apple ios
  • apple mac
  • linux operating system

ye sab bahut bade bade operating system Company ke naam hai. vaise to in ke andar bahut saare alag alag na aate hai, par jyadatar log inko inhee naamo se jaanate hai.

operating system ke kaary

vaise computer bahut saare kaam karta hai, lekin sabse pehle jab aap computer ko on karte ho tab operating system pehle main memory matalab ram mein load hota hai aur iske baad ye user softwares ko kon kon se hardware chahiye vo sab allocate karta hai. niche OS ke alag alag kaam diye gaye hain, unke baare mein aur details mein jaante hain.

  • Memory Management
  • Processor management (Process Scheduling)
  • Device Management
  • File Management
  • Security
  • System Performance देखना
  • Error बताना
  • Software और User के बिच में तालमेल Banana 

1. Memory Management

memory management ka matalab hai primary aur secondary memory ko manage karna. main memory matlab ram ek bahut hi bada array ke bytes hai.

matlab memory mein bahut sare chote chote khaachen hote hain jahaan pe ham kuchh data rakh sake hain. jahan pe har ek khaachen ka address hota hai. main memory sabse tej chalne wala memory hai jisko CPU direct istemaal karta hai. kyunki cpu jitne bhi program ko chalta hai vo sab main memory mein hi hote hain.

operating system ye saare kaam karta hai.

  • main memory ka konsa hissa istemaal hoga, kounsa nahi hoga, kitna hoga, kitna nahi hoga.
  • multiprocessing mein os Decide karta hai ki kis process ko memory diya jayega aur kisko kitna diya jayega.
  • jab process memory mangta hai tab usako memory Operating System de deta hai (process ka matalab hai ek task ya fir ek chota kaam jo ki computer ke andar hota hai)
  • jab process apna kaam khatam kar lete hai to os wapas apne memory le leta hai.

2. Processor Management (Process Scheduling)

jab multiprogramming environment ki baat kee jaaye to os decide  karta hai, ki kis process ko processor milega aur kisi ko nahi milega aur kitne samay tak milega.

is process ko bola jata hai process scheduling. operating system ye sab kaam karavaata hai.

  • operating system ye bhi dekhta hai processor khaali hai ya phir kuch kaam kar raha hai, ya free hai aur process apna kaam khatam kar liya hai ya nahin. aap chaho to task manager mein jaake dekh sakte ho ki kitne kaam chal raha hai aur kitne nahin. jo program ye sab kaam karava ta hai, uska naam hai traffic controller.
  • process ko cpu allocate karta hai.
  • jab ek process ka kaam khatam ho jata hai, to vo processor ko dusre kaam mein lagata hai, aur kuchh kaam nahi hone par processor ko free kar deta hai.

3. Device Management

aap ke computer mein driveir ka istemaal to hota hai, ye to aap ko pata hi hoga jaise ki sound driver, bluetooth driver, graphics driver, wifi driver lekin ye alag alag input/output devices ko chalane mein madad kar te hain, lekin in drivers ko os chalata hai.

to dekhte hain aur kya kya ye Operating System karta hai.

  • sabhi computer devices ko track karata hai aur ye task jo karavata hai us program ka naam hai  I/O controller.
  • jaise alag alag process ko devices chahiye kuchh task karne ke liye, to devices allocate ka kaam bhi os karta hai. ek udahaaran le le te hain ek process ko kuchh task karne hai jaise video play karna, print nikalna, to ye dono task output device monitor, printer ki madad se hoga. to ye 2no device ko process ko kab dena hai ye kaam os karta hai.
  • jab process ka kaam khatam ho jata hai to vo vaapas devicei deallocate karta hai.

4. File Management

ek file mein bahut saare directories ko sangathan karke rakha jata hai. kyunki isse ham aasani se data dhoond sake. to chalie jante hain file management main OS  ka kya kaam hai.

  • information, location aur status ko sangthit karke rakhta hai. ye sab file system dekhta hai.
  • kisko konsa Resource  milega.
  • Resource dai-allocate karna hai.

5. Security

jab aap apne computer ko on karte ho to aap ko vo password poochta hai, iska matlab ye hai kee os aapke system ko unauthenticated access se rokta hai. isse aapka computer surkshit rahta hai. aur kuchh program ko bina password ke aap open nahi kar sakte hai.

6. system Performance dekhna

ye computer ke Performance ko ki dekhta hai or system ko improve karta hai. os ek Service dene mein kitna samay lagta hai, ye record karke rakhta hai.

7. Error batana

agar system mein bahut saare Error aa rahe hai to unako os detect  karta hai aur Recovers karta hai.

8. softwares aur user ke bich mein taalmel banana

  • Compiler, Interpreter or assembler ko task assign karta hai. alag alag software ko user ke saath jodta hai, jis se user software ko achhe se istemal karta hai.
  • user aur system ke beech mein communication prdan karta hai.
  • operating system bios mein store hoke rahta hai. baaki sab applichation ko bhi user-friendly banta hai.

operating system ki visheshtayen

ek operating system bahut saare program ke collection hai, jo kee dusre program ko chala ta hai.
  • ye saare input/output devices ko control karata hai.
  • saare application software run karne ki responsibility operating system ki hai.
  • process scheduling ka kaam matlab process allocate karna aur de-allocate karna.
  • system mein ho rahe errors aur khatron ke baare mein awagat karta hai.
  • user aur computer programs ke beech achchha taalmel sthaapit karta hain.
ab tak aap sabhi jaan hee gaye honge kee operating system kya kya kaam karta hai (function of operating system in hindi) to chaliye ab jaanate hain ki os ke kitne prakar hote hain.

Operating system ke prakar – types of operating system in hindi

din pratidin technology badalati ja rahi hai aur iske sath sab kuch badal raha hai to vaise hi operating system ka upyog her field mein badhta ja raha hai jaise Railway, Research, satellite, industry to jaanti hai operating system kitne prakar ke hain.

  •  batch operating system
  •  simple batch operating system
  •  multiprogramming batch operating system
  •  network operating system
  •  multiprocessor operating system
  •  distributed operating system
  • time-sharing operating system
  •  real-time operating system

Batch Processing Operating System

pahale zamane ke problems ko door karane ke liye hee batch processing operating systems ko laya gaya. agar ham pehle ke systems ki baat karen tab usamen jyada setup time lagata tha.
vaheen is jyaada sait up timai ka kam kar diya gaya is batch processing systems main jahaan kee jobs ko prochaiss kiya jaata hai batchhais mein. vaheen is prakar ke operating system ko batch processing operating system in hindi kaha jata hai.

isamen jo bhi similar jobs ho unhe cpu ko submit kar diya jaata hai prochaissing ke liye aur unhen ek saath run kiya jaata hai.
batch processing system ka main function hota hai ki vo jobs ko batch mein automatically hee aixaichutai karen. is kaam mein jo sabse mahatvapurn karya karta hai vo hota hai ‘batch monitor’ jo kee main memory ke low-and mein stith hota hai.

simple batch system

ye sabse purane wale system hai jisme koi direct interaction nahin tha usair aur computer ke bich mein. is system mein user ko task ya job ko process karne ke liye koi storage unit mein leke aana padta tha aur usko computer operator ke paas submit karna padta tha.

isamen bahut saare jobs ko ek batch ya line mein computer ko diya jata tha. kuch dino ke andar ya phir kuch mahino ke andar vo job process hoti thi aur ek output devices mein output store hota tha. ye system jobs ko batch mein process karta tha isliye isaka naam bhi batch mode operating system bola jata tha.

Multiprogramming batch systems

is operating system main memory se ek job ko uthaya jata tha aur usako Execute kiya jata hai. jo OS ek job ko procEss karta rahta hai, agar usee dauran job ko i/o chahiye to OS dusre job ko cpu ko de deta hai aur paheli wale ko i/o is vajah se cpu hamesha busy rahata hai.

memory mein jitne jobs rahte hai vo hamesa disk mein jitne jobs hai unse kam hote hain. agar bahut saare jobs line mein rehte hain to operating system Decide karta hai konsi job pahle process hogi. is OS mein CPY kabhi bi Idle hoke nahin rahta.

time sharing system bhi multiprogramming system ka hissa hai. timai sharing system mein response time kaphee kam hota hai lekin multiprogramming mein cpu usage jyada hota hai.

disadvantages

  • user aur computer ke bich mein koi direct interactions nahin.
  • jo job pahle aata hai vo job pahle process hota hai, isliye user ko jyada intezaar karna padta tha.

Network operating system

isaki abbreviation hoti hai NOS, NOS  ka full form hota hai “network operating system”. ye network operating system un computers ko apna Service pradan karta hai jo ki ek network se connected hote hain.

inke yadi udaharan dee jaaye tab isamen aate hain shared file access, shared applications, aur printing capabilities.

NOS ek aisa prakar ka software hota hai jo kee allow karta hai multiple computers ko ek saath communication karne ke liye, files share karne ke liye aur dusre hardware device ke saath bhi.

pahle zamaane ke microsoft windows aur apple opairating systems ko design nahin kiya gaya tha ek singla computer usage aur network usage ke liye. lekin jaise jaise computer networks dheere dheere badhne lage aur unka istemal bhi badhne laga, aur is prakar ke operating systems bhi develop hone lage.

ek nos (network operating system in hindi) ke mukhya roop se do prakar hote hain : –
peer-to-peer (P2P) os, jinhen kee pratyek computer mein install kiya jaata hai. vaheen dosra hota hai ek client-server model, jisamen ki ek machine hota hai server aur dusre mein client software install hua hota hai.

network operating systems ke prakar

network operating system ke prakar ki baat kee jaye tab ye mukhya roop se do basic types ke hote hain, pair-to-pair nos aur client/server nos:

Peer-to-Peer network operating systems users ko allow karta hai network resources ko share karne ke liye jo kee saved hote hain common, accessible network location mein. is architecture mein, sabhi devices ko equally treat kiya jata hai functionality ke hisaab se.

peer-to-peer sabse badiya kaam karta hai chhote se lekar medium LANs mein, saath mein inhen set up karna bhi bahut sasta hota hai.

Client/server network operating systems users ko pradan karta hai sabhi resources ko access karne ke liye ek Server ke madhyam se. isake architectural mein, sabhi functions aur applications ko unify kiya jata hai ek file server ke antargat jiska istamal ki individual client actions ke dwara Execute kiya ja sake vo bhi kisi bhi physical location mein kyon na ho.

client/server ko install karna bahut kathin hai, vaheen ismen jyada matra kee technical maintenance kee jarurat hoti hai. aur to aur iseman jyada kharcha bhi hota hai.

iskee sabse badi advantage ye hai kee iseman network ko centrally control kiya jata hai, jisse isamen koi bhee badlaav aasani se kiya ja sakta hai vaheen additional technology ko bhi incorporate kiya ja sakta hai.

ek network operating system ko ham darsha sakte hain ek basich OS ke taur par jo kee run karte hai ek network devices, jaise ki router ya firewall

Multiprocessor System

multiprocessor system mein bahut sare processors ek chommon physical memory ka istemal karte hai. computing power kaafee tej hota hai. ye saare processor ek operating system ke undair kaam karte hain. yahaan pe niche kuchh isake advantage diygae hain

advantage

  • raftaar khub jyada kyunki multiprocessor ka istemal hota hai.
  • bahut saare task agar ek saath process hote hain isaliye yahan pe system throughput badh jata hai. jiska matlab hai, ek second mein kitne job process ho sakte hain.
  • is os main task ko subtask mein divide kiya jata hai, aur har ek subtask ko alag alag processor ko diya jata hai, khaas isee vajah se ek task kaphee kam waqt mein complete ho jata hai.

distributed operating system

distributed operating system istemal karne ka ek hi maqsad yeh hai kee ,ye duniya ke paas powerful os hai aur microprocessor kaafee saste ho gaye hain, saath hee communication technology mein kaphee sudhaar hai.

is advancement ki vajah se ab distributed OS ko banaya gaya jiska daam kafi sasta hota hai aur door door vaale computer ko network ke jariye rok ke rakhta hai. jo ki apne aap mein hi ek badee upalabdhi hai.

advantages

  • jitne bhi door door ke resources hain un ko aasani se istemal kiya ja sakta hai, jise resources khali nahi rehte.
  • inase processing fast hotee hai.
  • jo host machine hai uske upar load kam hota hai, kyunki load distributed ho jata hai.

Time sharing operating system

ismen pratyek kaam ko sahi dhang se poorn karne ke liye os ke dwara kuch samay pradan kiya jata hai, jisase kee pratyek task sahi dhang se poorn ho sake. vaheen isame har User singal system ka istemal karta hai jisse cpu ko time diya jata hai. is prakar ke system ko multitasking system bhi bola jata hai.

vaheen iseman jo bhi taask hota hai vo ya to single user se ho sakata ya phir multi user se bhi ho sakta hai.

pratyek task ko poorn karane ke lie jitana samay lagata hai use quantum bolte hai. vaheen har taask ko poorn karane ke baad hee os phir agale task ko shuru kar deta hai.

advantages

chalie time-sharing operating system ke advantage ke vishay mein jaanate hain.

  • ismen os pratyek task ko poora karne ke liye barabar mauka diya jata hai.
  • ismen software ki duplicasy hona sahaj kaam nahi hai. jo ki na ke barabar hota hai.
  • aasani se ismen cpu idle time ko kam kiya ja sakta hai.

disadvantages

chalie time-sharing operating system ke disadvantages ke vishay mein jaanate hain.
  • reliability ka issue ismen jyada dekhne ko milte hain.
  • isamen sabhi cheezon ke security aur integrity ka khayal rakhna padta hai.
  • data communication ka issue ismen ek common problem hota hai.
  • time-sharing, operating system ke udaharan hai:- unix

Real-time operating system

ye sabse advanced operating system hai, jo kee real-time process karte iska matalab hai missile, railway ticket booking, satellite chodte vakt in sab mein agar ek second ki bhi deri sab kuch gaya paani mein to is operating system bilkul bhi idle nahi rahta.
ye vaise do prakar ke hote hai,

hard real-time operating system

ye vo operating system hai jo ki jis waqt ke andar task complete karne ka waqt diya jata hai usi waqt ke andar kaam khatam ho jata hai.

soft real-time

soft real-time mein waqt ki pabandi thodi kam hoti ismen hota kya hai agar ek task chal raha hai aur usse waqt koi doosra task aajaaye to nae task ko pahle priority diya jata hai. ye kuchh jankari three types of operating system in hindi. isse pehle aap jaan chuke ho what is operating system in hindi.

client operating system kya hota hai?

computer desktop ek standalone computer processing unit hota hai. inhen design kiya gaya hota hai logon ke liye automation tasks performed karne ke liye. ek desktop computer bahut hi uniquai hota hai kyunki ismen koi bhi networks ya external components ki jarurat nahi padti hai operate hone ke liye.

ye client operating system ka jyadatar istemal computer desktops ya portable devices mein hota hai. ye operating system typically alag hota hai centralized servers se kyunki ye keval ek hee user ko support karta hai.

smartphones aur small computer device mein client operating system ka istamal hota hai. ye operating system manage karta hai device ke components ko, jismen aati hain printers, monitors, aur cameras. pratyek computer k typically ek specific operating system hoti hai.

ye client operating system pradaan karate hain multiprocessing powair vo bhi kaafee minimal cost mein. client operating system ke antargat aati hain windows®, linux®, mach® aur android®.

pratyek operating system ko design kiya gaya hota hai kuchh spaichifich funchtion karane ke lie spaichifich hardwarai par. yahee hardware compatibility hee vo sabse primary consideration hotee hain jiske aadhaar par hi ek operating system ka chunaav kiya jaata hai chliaint chomputairs ke lie.

udaharan ke liye, abhee ke samay mein windows® ko sabase jyaada istemaal kiya jaata hai cliaint opairating systems ke tor par.

operating system ki poori jankari

to dosto aaj kee jaanakaaree kaafee mahatvapurn hai. to ye khaas student ke liye jyada jaruri hai. ab agar exam mein ye sawaal aata hai operating system kya hai (what is operating system in hindi) aur explain function and types of operating system in hindi to aap aasani se iska jawab de sakte ho.

vaise mere hisab se os kaafee teji se nae features leke aa raha hain, jaise windows 10 kee hee baat kar lo.

kyon ki shuruaat mein hai bataya tha kee os, computer ka dil hota hai. koee savaal aap puchna chahte ho to niche comment box mein jarur likhe aur koee sujhaav dena chaahate ho to jarur deejiye. hamaare blog ko abhi tak agar aap
subscribe nahin kya ho to jarur subscribe karen.

Google Assistant क्या है और इसका इस्तेमाल कैसे करें?

 Hello Dosto, Kaise hai aap,Aaj hum baat karenge Google Assistant Kya hai or iska istemal Karte hai? ke baare aur iske bare me.kya aapne kabhi iska istemal kiya hai?kya aapko Google Assistant ke baare me pata h?AGar nahi to is Article ko padhne ke baad aapko Google Assistant ki puri jankari malum ho jayegi.What is Google Assistant and How to use it-Full information in  Hindi.

Google Assistant क्या है और इसका इस्तेमाल कैसे करें?
Google-Assistant 

Agar aap Google Assistant ke baare me Janna chahte hai to aap bilkul sahi article pad rahe hai.kyunki yaha mai aapko batane wala hun ki Google Assistant kya hai,yeh kaam kaise karte hai or ise ham istemal kaise kar sakte hai.

Aap logo ko pata hoga ki technology kitni badh gaye hai.ab ham ghar kaye aise kaam kar sakte hai jiske liye pahle hamne kabhi socha bhi nahi tha,jaise ki ghar baith mausam jaan lena,duniya me kya ho raha hai ityadi.

Pahle ye sab mobile me ungaliyoun ki madd se karna parta tha lekin ab aap keval apne ek Voice Command ke dwara ye sab kar sakte hai.

Ye Voice Based Artificial Intelligence ki technology pahle keval English Movie me dekhne ko milti thi lekin ab hum is Artificial Intelligence ko apne gharo me istemal kar sakte hai.

Alexa,Siri aur Google Assistant isi ke kuch example hai.lekin kya aapko pata hai kaise? aap google Assistant ki madad se ye sab kar sakte hai.

गूगल असिस्टेंट क्या है? (What is Google Assistant in Hindi)

Google Assistant google ke dwara banaya gaya eek Voice Assistant hai jo aapki awaj ko soon kar kaam karta hai.ye mukhya rup se mobile aur smart home device per uplabdh hai.

Google Assistant ki madad se aap bahut saare kaam asani se kar sakte hai.jaise ki Weather ke baare me pata karna,Google per kuch search karna,news janna,alarm set karna,music etc.

Ab aap soch rahenge ki yah koi App hai.lekin Google Assistant koi app nahi hai balki google ke dwara gaya ek aisa feature hai jo har ek android mobile me uplabdh rahta hai.

Ise 2016 me Google ke C.E.O "Mr. Sundar Pichai "ke dwara launch kiya gaya hai. isse pahle bhi google ke dwara aise Voice app banaye gaye jaise ki Google Voice aur Google Now per yah hamare desh me jyada famous nahi ho paye,kyunki inhe istemal karna bahut kathin tha..

Isliye Google Assistant ko bharat ki bhasha (Language) aur yaha bole jane wali english bhasha ko dhyan me rakhkar banaya gaya taki yaha ke logo bhi ise asani se istemal kar sake aur ise istemal karne me unhe koi dikkat na aaye.

Google Assistant Voice Command ke Saath-Saath Text Command bhi leta hai isliye aap ise dono tarike se istemal kar sakte hai.aapko koun sa tarika istemal marna hai ye aapko Choice per nirbhar karta hai.

Google Assistant क्या करता है What can Google Assistant do?

Google assistant aapke Voice Command ko sunkar aap ke bataye hue kaam ko karta hai . jase hi"OK Google" ya for "Hey Google" kahte hai yah ek tarah se active ho jata hai aur aap-ke bataye hue kaam per Implement karta hai.

Yah aapke bataye huye bahut sare kaam ko asan karta hai Jaise ki

  • Phone Ke Alag-Alag Apps ko aapke bolne per Open karna.
  • Aapke bolne per Duniya bhar ke news aapko bata sakta hai.
  • Wheather ke baare me.
  • Phone ke Music System ko Control Karta hai.
  • Aapke liye Notification Bhi padh Sakta hai.
  • Yah aapke bolne per Text Message bhi bhej sakta hai.
  • Aapko Online Video Dikh sakta hai.
  • Aap isse apna calendar bhi mentain kar sakte hai.
  • Yah aapke Device aur Smart home ko control Kar sakta hai
  • Aur Bhi Bahut kuch Isse kar sakte hai.Vo bhi aapke ek Voice Command per
kahne ka matlab aap apne mobile me jo kuch Type karke karte ho vo sab kaam Google Assistant se bol kar karva sakte hai.

Google Assistant किन-किन Devices में होता है?

Aajkal to Bahut Sare aise Device hai jinme Google Assistant ki suvedha di gaye hai.Google assistant ko sabse pehle Google ke Pixel Phone me Launch kiya gaya tha .Lekin Ab ye sabhi Device me Uplabdh hai.

Android Phones me to yah pahle se hi hai.aane wale time me ye sabhi devvice me hoga,tab aap har ek device me iska istemal kar sakenge.

Kaise जाने कि आपके फोन में गूगल असिस्टेंट है या नहीं?

 Ab to aap samajh gaye honge ki Google Assistant kitni jyada necessary or achi Cheez hai lekin agar aapko nahi pata hai ki aap ke phone me Google ke dwara yah Feature diya gaya hai ya nahi to aap ise asani se check kar sakte hai.
]
Aapko bas ek baar"Ok Google" ya "Hey Google" Bolna hai ya fir apne phone ke home button ko kuch second ke liye press karke rakhna hai.jaise hi aap apne phone ke home button ko press karenge google assistant open ho jayega uske baad aap ise istemal kar sakte hai.aap iske baad ise asani se apne anusar setup kar le.

waise to google assistant Android Phone ke keval  5 Version me abhi tak aaya hai Android Marshmallow V6.0.0 android Nougat v7.0.0 android Pie v9.0.0 Android Oreo v8.0.0,Android Q (10),10.0.0

Agar aapke paas in 5 Version ka mobile phone hai tab to aap google assistant ko asani se bina kisi dikkat ke istemal kar sakte hai

Chaliye dekhte hai Google Assistant Koun Koun se device ko support karta hai.yani Google Assistant ka istemal kaha kaha kar sakta hai.

Google Assistant का Use कहाँ-कहाँ कर सकते है?

Google Assistant ka Istemal aap Nimnlikhit Chizo me kar sakte hai.

Google Assistant In Mobile Phones

Google Assistant sabse jyada mobile phone istemal kiya jata hai.aapko lag raha hoga yah bas android phone me hi kaam karta hai.lekin aap galat hai yah iPhone me bhi kaam karta hai.

Google Maps App

Google assistant aapke Disha (Direction) bhi bata sakti hai auryah suvedha aapko android device ke sath sath Ios device me bhi mil jati hai.

Google Home Devices

Google Home ko ham the Amazon Echo ka ek direct Competitive maan sakte hai.yah ek Chrome Cast Speaker hota hai joki Voice Control Assistant ki tarah kaam karta hai.

Android Tv

Aajkal kaye aise android TV hai jinme Google Assistant custom all kar sakte hai.bahut sare aise naye prakar ke set top box bhi hai jinme aap ise istemal kar sakte hai.

Jaise ki Nvidia Shield TV aur ab dhire dhire kar ke bahut sare aise android TV aur settop Box aa rahe hai jinme yah swedha maujud hai.


Agar aapke TV me google assistant ki suvidha hai to aap isse apne Voice Command ke dwara tv ko On-OFF karne ke sath-sath tv ki Volume,Channel Change etc chizo me bhi istemal kar sakte hai.

TV ke kaye aise Company hai jisme yah suwidha di gaye hai jaise ki Sony],Samsung,Philips,Kodak,TCL,skyworth,Xiaomi,Toshiba etc

Headphone and earphones or buds

Aaj kal bahut sare aise wireless headphone ya earphone me aa chuke hai jisme Google Assistant ki suvidha di gaye hoti hai iske liye kewal aapko apne headphone ka ek button ko press karna hai,uske  baad aap apna kaam Google Assistant ke dwara karva sakte hai.

Aajkal bahut sare aise company hai jo ki aise headphone bana rahi hai jisme Google assistant support karta hai jaise ki JBL,Sony etc.

Cars Me

Aajkal bahut sare aise company ki Vehicle hame dekhne ko milega jinme yah Google assistant ki suvidha di gayi hai.jaise ki Volvo aur Audi company ki Vehicle etc.

Aap iski madad se vehicle me gane sun sakte hai,dish direction jaan sakte hai apne mobile Phone se ise connect karke kisi ko phone kar sakte hai aur bhi kaye aisi chizo hai jo kar sakte hai.

Volvo aur Audi ke sath-sath naye naye aise company ki vehicle nikalne wali hai jime yah suwidha di jayegi hai.

Smart Homes Devices aur Appliances me

Jaise ki hamne bataya ki aajkal kaye aise Device hai jinme yah Google Assistant ki suvidha di gaye hai jisse istemal karke hamari jindagi kaye had tak aur asan ho gaye hai ya ho sakti hai.

Google Assistant ki suvidha bahut sare smart device jo hamare ghar me hai usme bhi di gaye hai jaise ki smart Light Bulb,Smart Speaker, Smart Lock,Fridge ,smart TVs etc.

Jaise ki aapne dekha ek light se lekar Fridge tak sab me yah jyada kaam aata hai,to kaye aise Company hai ki aise device bana rahe hai jaise ki Whirlpool,LG,Philips Hue,Samsung Etc.

in saare device me Google assistant kaam karta hai jaise ki agar aapko light on karna hai ya OFF karna hai,ya fir aap apne fridge ka Temperature badhana chahte hai ya fir ghatna chahte hai.

Google Assistant का उपयोग कैसे करें? (How to use Google Assistant in Hindi)

Google Assistant ki shuruaat karne ke liye ya ise istemal karne ke liye aapko" Hey Google" ya fir "Ok Google" jaise Voice Command ya text Command ka istemal karna hoga.

Jaise hi Google Assistant me "Hey Google" ya fir "Ok Google" jaise Voice Command ya Fir Text Command ka istemal karenge,iski shuruaat ho jayegi aur aap iska istemal karna shuru kar sakte hai.

Google Assistant ko Enable karne ke baad aap apni Bhasha me ya fir English Bhasha ka istemal karke iska upyog kar sakte hai.lekin aapko har chiz ke liye is voice command ka istemal nahi karna hai.iska use keval Google assistant ko shuru karne ke liye sirf ek baar karna hota hai.

uske baad aapko jo bhi kaam hoga aap us command ka istemal karenge.aap Google assistant karenge.aap Google Assistant se ek saath bahut saare kaam karne ko bol sakte hai.agar aap apne mobile phone se kisi ko phone Call bhi Karna chahte hai to aap iske dwara yeh bhi kar sakte hai.

Google Assistant aapke liye Text Message ke sath-sath kisi phone call bhi kar sakta hai.jaise ki agar aapko Amar ko Call karna hai to aap nimnlikhit Command ka istemal karenge.

  • Call To Amar 

Aapko jab bhi Google Assistant ko Open karna hai to iske liye bas aapko apne mobile ki Home Key Button ko Long Press Karna hai.

To Agar aap apne phone ki keybords ko dabaya thak gaye hai to aap aram se Google Assistant ki madd le or apna kaam asani se kare.

Conclusion,

Dosto agar aap yah Article acche se padhenge to aap ko acche se samajh me aa jayega ki ya Google Assistant Ki suvidha jo hame mil rahe hai wah kisi jadu se kam to nahi hai

Ummed karta hun ki hamara yahi ek Google Assistant kya hai or ise kaise istemal karte hai aapko pasand aaya hoga aur isse sambandhit aapke jitne Confusion hai vo sab door ho Gaye honge.


Aapke Mann me hamare article ko lekar kuch bhi sawal hai ya fir Google Assistant ko lekar dikkat to aap niche comment karke hamse puch sakte hai.

Wednesday, 16 September 2020

FAU-G गेम क्या है और कब रिलीज़ होगा?

FAU-G गेम क्या है और कब रिलीज़ होगा?

Jab Se Pubg Ko Bharat Sarkar Dwara Band Kiya Gaya Hai.Tab Se PUBG Khelne walo me mano harkam si maccha gaya hai.Aise me Bollywood ke Diggaz Abhineta or sab ka chahitaa Mr Akshay Kumar in Bengaluru based Game development Company  "nCore Games" ke saath milkar ek Bhartiye Game banane ki ghoshna ki hai. Yeh game ka naam FAU-G rakha gaya hai.

FAU-G ya jise ki aap Fearless And United Guards Or FAU-G ke naam se jaan sakte hai use khaas taur se hamare desh ke naujawano ko dhyan me rakh kar banaya gaya hai.Fau-g ke vishay me aise bahut si jankari hai jinhe ki aapko jana behad jaruri hai.to aise me aapko yah post FAU-G kya hai or ise kab Released kiya jayega me purn jankari pardan ki ja rahi hai umeed hai ki aapko hamari yah koshish pasand aaye.


To Chaliye Shuru Karte hai.....

FAU-G गेम क्या है – What is FAU-G Game in Hindi

FAU-G ek Bhartiya first -Person Shooter game hai jise ki Single or Multiple Modes me khela ja sakta hai.yah Game ka naam hindi shabd me "FAUJI" se parerit hai, jiska matlab hai ki ek soldiers (Sainik).FAU-G Game ke Creators ke hisab se yeh game unhone bhartiya suraksha Bal ke sacchi muthbharo ko dhyan me rakh kar banaya gaya hai.

Ye Game pahli Level me aapko Galwan Valley ki Ghatna dekhne ko milegi,Jahan ki Bhariye or china Sainik ke bich bhayankar maramari ki ghatna samne aaye thi June 2020 me.

Game App Name:FAU-G (FEARLESS AND UNITED GUARDS)
Country:India
Size:NA
Developer:nCore Games
Category:Battle Game
Launch Date:October, 2020

Akshay Kumar G ke anusar unki yah Project asal me ek Chesta hai Hamare Prime Minister Narendra Modi G ki kahi gaye "Atma Nirbhar Bharat" ya Self-Reliant India ke ouper

Wahi unhone ye bhi kaha hai ki ye Game ki Net Revenue ki 20% ko Donate kiye Jayega Bharat Ke Veer Trust ko.wahi aap ki jankari ke liye batado ki ye Trust 2019 Pulwama Terror Attack ke samay me setup kiya gaya tha.wahi ye trust ka mool uddeshya yudh me pirit parivaro ko madd karna hai.

FAU-G गेम में कौन Develop कर रहा है?

FAU-G Game ko Banglore-Based Publisher nCore Game Develop kar raha vo bhi abhineta Akshay Kumar ke Mentorship me.

Kya FAU-G ही एकमात्र PUBG Mobile का Alternative है?

G Nahi PUBG Mobile ke bahut se alternative Games Maujood hai.lekin Han FAU-G ek Indian-Made Alternative hai PUBG Mobile ka.

FAU-G vs PUBG

Aaj ke Samay me PUBG bahut hi jyada Popular battle royal game hai.wahi iska pura naam hai PlayerUnknown's Battleground Mobile,aka PUBG Mobile.

Bhartiye game developing company nCore Games ne Ekmatra vikalp lag raha hai PUBG Mobile ka jo ki sach nahi hai. wahi kuch logo ka ye bhi manna hai ki b(FAU-G) Game ne PUBG ki nakal Karne ki Koshish Kari hai,.Lekin mujhe nahi lagta hai ki aisa kuch huwa hai ye to game ke release hone ke baad hi pata chalega ki aakhir FAU-G asal me PUBG Mobile ki nakal hai bhi ya nahi.

FAUG Game Download Link

Ue to bahut hi aam baat hai ki Logo ko FAUG Game Download Link ki jarurat jarur se hogi,aur ho bhi kyun na Jab PUBG ko Bharat Sarkar ne purn roop se band kar diya hai.aise me ab hai kisi ko FAUG Game Download Link ki talash hai.

Isliye mai aapko ye bata dena chahta hun ki FAUG Game ko purn rup se Officially abhi release nahi kiya gaya hai lekin ummed hai ise October 2020 ke aakhri tak se Release kar diya jayega.

nCore Games Koun hai?

nCore Games wahi Game Development Company hai jisne ki FAU-G Game Develop kiya hai.ye company ko san 2018 me shuru kiya gaya tha ye company Bangalore me isthit hai.pahle bhi ye Company bahut se Multiplayer Games bana Chuki hai.wahi ye Bhartiye ke ruchi ke anusar Game banana jyada pasand karti hai.

Gaming Industry ke Ek jaane maane diggaj Vishal Gondal G ne is Company me apne paise Invest kiye huwe hai.

FAUG Game me हमें क्या देखने को मिलेगा?

FAUG Game ko karib kuch Mahino se Ready kiya ja raha hai.Lekin isme abhi bhi kafi or testing karni baki hai.Gondal G ke anusar is Game ke pahle Level me Aapko Galwan Vally dekhne ko milega,kyunki usi per ise adharit kiya gaya hai.

wahi aage ke stages me bhi Players ko aisi sabhi ghatnaye dekhne ko milega jo ki hamare Bhartiya Sainik Dwara ladhi gayi hon.

FAUG Game कब Launch होगा?

FAU-G Game ko Yeh Saal ke October Mahine ke ant tak Launch kar diya gayega.wahi ummed hai ki ye game apni aur tarik 200 million users se bhi jyada ko akarshit karne me safal hone wala hai.

FAUG Game इतनी सुर्ख़ियों में क्यूँ है?

FAUG Game ko haal hi me announce kiya hai ki bharat sarkar dwara PUBG Mobile ko ban karne ke baad.isliye FAUG Game abhi itni Surkhiya me maujud hai.

PUBG Game को क्यूँ Ban कर दिया गया है?

PUBG Game ke saath saath 118 dusre apps ko bhi banned kar diya gaya hai.iska karan ye bataya ja raha hai ki woh sabhi apps bahut hi aise anytik kary me sammilit the jo ki hamare desh ke surakhsha ko lekar sawal utha rahe the.

aise me in apps ko ban kar bharat sarkar ne apne desh ki suraksha me kaafi unnati dikhaye huwe hai.

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

कंप्यूटर कितने प्रकार के होते हैं?, How many types of computer

 kya aap Computer ke prakar ke vishay mein jaanate hai?Yadi aap computer ka basic nahi jante to yah article padh sakte hai, aap sabhee ne jarur se computers ka istamaal kiya hoga, kyunki ye aajkal sahaj mein sabhi jagah mein uplabdh hai chahe vo schools ho ya offichais hon. vaheen aap sabhi ne shayad ek baat jarur se gaur kiya hoga ki ye sabhi Computer ke aakar aur karya karne ke Chamta samaan nahi hai.

jahaan kuchh computers bahut se chhote hote hain to kuchh aakaar mein bade hote hain. kuchh bahut hee tej kaary karate hain to kuchh bahut hee dheemee gati se apna kaary karate hain. ab savaal uthata hai kee kya ye sabhee Computer ek prakar ke hain ya phir ye ek dusare se alag hain.

How many types of computer



bas isee sawal ka jawab dene ke liye aaj ke is article Computer ke vibhinn prakar mein aaj aap logon se bas isee vishay mein jankari pradan karne wala hoon.

is articles mein aaj ham computer se sabhi prakaaron ke vishay mein jaanenge aur saath mein ye bhi jayenge kee inhen isake karyapranali, uddeshya aur aakar ke hisaab se kaise banta jaaye. ummeed hai kee is artichlai ke khatm hone tak aapako aapake sawalon ke jawab jarur se mil jayenge. to phir bina deree kiye chaliye shuru karate hain personal Computer ke prakar.

Computer kya hai?

Computer ek aisa machine hota hai jisko kuch aisa program kiya gaya hota hai jisse ki vo bahut se kaam hamare kar saken. ye hamare commands ko input ke hisab se leta hai, use process karta hai aur ant mein hamare results output ke hisab se pradan karta hai.

isake kuch important characteristics  bhi hain jaise kee

  • 1. ye respond karta hai ek specific set of instructions ko vo bhi ek well-defined manner mein.
  • 2. ye execute karta hai ek Prerecorded list of instructions (jise kee program kaha jata hai).
  • 3. ye badi hi aasani se bade maatra kee data ko store aur retrieve karane mein saksham hota hai.

isake alaava Computer bahut se chomplex aur repetitive procedure ko quickly, praichisaily aur railiably karne mein saksham hota hai.

modairn chomputairs kee baat karen tab vo ailaichtronich aur digital hote hain. isamen jo actual machinery (wires, transistors, aur circuits) hote hain unhe hardware kaha jata hai; vaheen instructions aur data ko software kaha jaata hai.

sabhee general-purpose Computer mein niche bataaye gaye hardware  components  shamil   hote hain,           

1. central processing unit (cpu): ye computer ka heart hota hai, ek aisa component jo kee asal mein instructions ko execute  karata hai jinhen kee organizaid kiya jaata hai programs (soft:;ware) aur jo Computer ko nirdesh karte hain kee unhe kya karna hai.

2. memory (fast, expansive, short-term memory): ye Computer ko enable karte hain cheezen store karne ke liye, bhale hee temporarily hee sahee jaise kee data, programs, aur intermediate results.

3. mass storage device: (slower, cheaper, long-term memory): ye allow karate hain ek computer ko permanently ek badi matra kee data aur programs ko retain karane ke liye koi jobs ke beech mein. common mass storage device mein disk drives aur tape drives pramukh hain.

4. input device: ye input device ka kaary hota hai data aur instruchtions ko computer mein enter karne ke liye. isamen keyboard or mouse mukhya hain.

5. output device: uses ko final results dikhane ke liye output device ka istemal kiya jata hai. isamen display screen, printar mukhya hain.

Computer ke parkar – types of computer in hindi

aap sabhee ko shaayad chomputair ke prakaar mein jaanane kee ichchha hogee. vaise chomputairs ke to bahut saare prakaar hain lekin unhen sahaj dhang se samajhane ke lie unhen alag alag chataigoriais mein baant diya jaata hai. jisase kisee ko bhee unhen samajhane mein aasaanee hogee.

Computer kitne parkar ke hote hain?

mukhya roop se inhen teen alag alag aadhaar par banta jaata hai.

  • 1. karyapranali ke aadhar par (based on mechanism)
  • 2. uddeshya ke aadhar par (based on purpose)
  • 3. aakaar ke aadhar par (based on size)

karyapranali  ke aadhar par Computer ke prakar (based on mechanism)

karyapranali ke aadhar par inhen teen bhaago analog, digital, and hybrid mein vargeekrt kiya gaya hai. jiske baare mein hum ek ek kar jayenge.

1. analog computers

analog computer un computers ko kaha jata hai jo kee analog signal ka istemaal karte hain information display karne ke liye. analog computers ka istamal analog dat ko prochaiss karne ke liye kiya jata hai.

ye analog data continuous nature ke hote hain jo kee discrete ya separate nahin hote hain. in data mein temperature, pressure, Speed, weight, voltage, depth ityaadi mukhya hote hain.

inmein information jo kee continuous form hote hain unhen curves ke aakaar mein display kiya jaata hai. inka istemal continuous physical quantity jaise kee current flow, temperature, blood pressure, heart beats ko measured karne ke liye kiya jata hai.

ye quantities continuous hote hain aur inamein ek infinite variety ki values pae jaate hain.

ye measure karte hai continuous changes ko kuch physical quantity mein jaise ki speedometer ka istamal car ki speed ko measure karne ke liye hota hai, thermometer ka istemal temperature ke change ko measure karne ke liye hota hai, vaheen weighing machine ka istemal weight ko measure karne ke liye hota hai.

ye Computers un situations ke liye ideal hote hain jahaan kee data ko accept kiya jata hai directly vo bhi measuring instrument se aur jinhen kisi prakaar kee conversion ki jarurat nahin hoti hai numbairs ya codes mein.

analog Computer's hi vo first Computers the jinhen kee develop kiya gaya aur modern digital Computers ke Development ka aadhaar mana gaya.

analog computers ke applichations kya hain?

analog computers ka jyadatar istamaal kuchh specialized Engineering aur scientific applications mein kya jaata hai, vo bhi Calculation aur analog quantities ko measure karne ke liye.

inka istamal process control karne ke liye bhi kiya jata hai, jaise kee oil refinery mein jahaan kee donon flow aur temperature measurements mahatvapurn hote hain.

inka istemal  papermaking ke lie bhi hota hai saath mein chemical industry mein bhee.

analog computers ko kisi bhi prakar ki storage capability kee jarurat nahin hotee hai kyon ki ek single operation mein hi measures aur quantities ko chomparai karate hain.

ek analog computer ki out;put from aksar reading ke form mein hote hain jaise ki series of dial (speedometer mein car ke) ya ek graph ke form mein strip chart mein.

2. digital computers

ek digital computer, jaise ki iske naam se pata chalta hai, ye batata hai ki ye digits ke saath kaam karte hain jo kee represent karte hain numerals, letters ya koi doosra special symbols.

digital computers operator karte hain inputs ke aadhar par jo ki "ON-OFF type" hote hain aur inke output bhI "ON-OFF signal" ke form mein hoti hai. normally, on ko Represent kiya jaata hai ek 1 se aur vaheen OFF ko Represnt  kiya jaata hai ek 0 se.

to yahaan ham kah sakte hain kee digital Computer information ko process karate hain Electrical signal ke upasthiti ya anupastithi ke aadhar par ya phir binary 1 ya 0 par.

ek digital computer ka istemal numeric ke saath saath non-numeric data ko process karne ke lie bhi kiya jata hai. ye bahut saare arithmetic operations ko bhi perform kar sakta hai jaise kee addition, subtraction, multiplication, division aayar saath mein logical operations bhi.

jyadatar computers jo ki abhi ke samay mein available hain vo sabhee digital Computer hain. digital Computer ke common Example  hain accounting machines aur calculators.

yadi ham results ki baat karen tab digital Computer jyada accurate results pradaan karte hain analog Computer ki tulana mein. analog Computer bahut hi jyada faster hote hain digital kee tulana mein.

analog Computer mein memory nahi hotee hain vaheen digital Computer mein hoti hain information ko store karne ke liye. ham kah sakte hain ki digital Computer count karte hain vaheen analog Computer measure  karne ke kaam mein aate hain.

ye computer information ko display karate hain text, graphics, aur pictures ke aadhar par.

3. hybrid computers

ek hybrid computer asal mein ek chombination hota hai digital or analog computers. isamen donon hee prakar ke Computer ke basic features ko aapas mein combine kiya gaya hota hai. jo kee hain analog computer ki speed aur digital Computer ki memory aur accuracy.

hybrid Computer ka istemal un sabhi specialized applications mein kiya jaata hai jahaan kee donon prakar ke data ko process karane kee jarurat hotee hai. isse ye user ki madad karte hain dono prakar ke data (continuous or discrete) ko process karne mein.

udaharan ke liye ek petrol pump mein ek processor hota hai jo kee convert karta hai fuel flow measurements ko quantity aur price valua mein.

vaheen ek hospital intensive charai unit (ichu) mein, ek analog daivichai ka istamal hota hai patient ke blood pressure aur Temperature ko measure ke liye, jise ki baad mein convert aur display kiya jaata hai digits ke form mein.

hybrid Computer ka istemal scientific calculations mein bhi hota hai, defense aur radar systems mein.

yah ek aisa Computer hota hai jo ki binary ke saath saath analog signal ko bhi samjhane mein saksham hota hai. isliye speed na to analog Computer se jyada hoti hai aur na hi digital computer ke mukaabale kam hoti hai.

uddeshya ke aadhar par Computer ke prakar (based on purpose)

computer ko uddeshy ke aadhar par do bhaago mein Special Purpose aur general purpose ke aadhar par vargeekrt kiya gaya hai.

1. General purpose computers

abhee ke samay mein jis chomputair ka sabase jyaada istamaal hota hai unhen hee gainairal-purposai Computer kahate hain — inhen built kiya gaya hota hai bahut se variety ke processing jobs ko karne ke liye.

aap keval ek general purpose computer aur kuch alag alag software ka istamal kar hi bahut se tasks ko poorn kar sakte hain, jisamen writing or editing (word processing), data basic  mein fachts ko manipulated karana, manufacturing inventory ko track karna, scientific calculations karne ke liye, ya fir kisi organization kee security system ko sambhalne ke liye, aise bahut se kaam mein inka istemal kiya jata hai.

ye general purpose  Computer itne jyada variety ke operations isalie kar sakte hain kyon ki ye aasani se alag alag programs ko store aur Execute kar sakte hain apne internal storage mein.

2. special purpose Computer

jaise ke naam se hi pata chalta hai kee ek special-purpose computer ko deisign kiya gaya hota hai koi specific prakar ke task karne ke liye aur jyadatar samay unke upyog ek particular  problem ko solve karne ke liye hi hota hai. isliye unhe  Dedicated Computers  bhi kaha jata hai. kyunki vo ek single task ko baar baar karne ke liye bane hue hote hain.

aise computer system ka istamal graphic intensive video games, traffic lights control system, navigational system ek aircraft ki, weather forecasting, satellite launch / tracking, oil exploration, aur automotive industries, time ka dhyan rakhne ke liye ek digital watch, ya robot helicopter mein khaas tor se istemal kiya jata hai.

is special purpose computer mein aapko bahut se same feature dekhne ko mil jayega jo ki ek general purpose computer mein hote hain. bas ismein ek special function ko jyada dhyan diya jata hai.

vo instructions jo ki is control karte hai unhe directly hee computer mein build kiya jata hai, jisse ki ye jyaada efficient ban jaata hai aur bahut hi jyada effective operation bhi karne mein saksham hota hai.

cunki ye ek hi kary ko karne ke liye bana hua hota hai jisse ise sabhi prakar ke baaki cheezon ka saath milta hai vo ek hi kaary ko sathik dhang se karne ke liye.

isakee jo ek badi drawbachk hai vo ye kee isemain versatility nahin ke barabar hoti hai. jisaka matlab ki ise dusre kisi operations mein istemal nahi kiya ja sakta hai.

aakar ke aadhar par Computer Ke prakar (based on size)

computer ko aakar ke aadhar par ham nimn shreniyon mein baant sakte hai, jiski jhankari aap ko aage ke article mein padhne ko milenge –

1. Super Computer

ye Computer multi-user, multiprocessor large Computer hote hain jinke bahut hi jyada efficiency  hoti hai aur saath mein storing capacity bhee.

in supercomputer mein bahut hi difficult or complex problaims ko solve karne ki chmta hoti hai vo bhi kuch hi nanoseconds ke bhitar. isamen bahut se RISH (Reduced instruction set computer) processors ka istemal kiya gaya hota hai ise banane ke liye.

supercomputers sabse fastest aur sabse jyada kimti computers hote hain. in computers ka istamal complex science aur engineering problems ko hal karne ke liye hota hai.

supercomputers mein parallel processing ka istamal hota hai jisse ki iskee processing sabase jyaada hotee hai, jisse ki bahut se CPU ko ek hi samay mein istemal kiya jata hai. ek typical supercomputer ek second mein kareeb ten trillion individual calculations karta hai.

supercomputer ke applications kya hain?

  • Inka istamaal weather aur global climates ko forecast karane ke liye kiya jaata hai.
  • Inhen military research aur defense systems mein istemal hota hai.
  • Inka istemal automobile, aircraft, aur spacecraft designing mein hota hai.
  • Saath mein sensitive intelligence information kee encrypting aur decoding karne mein hota hai.
  • Inka istamal seismograph, plasma or nuclear research mein hota hai.
  • Protein folding analysis karane mein
  • DNA structural aur gene engineering ko study karne mein.
  • Digital film rendering 

C-DAC (centre for development of advanced computer) ne bharat mein param series ki super computer ko developed kiya tha.

Anurag bhi bharat ke ek super computer. Mr. Seymour Cray hee woh insaan hain jinhone ki duniya ka sabse pahla supercomputer develop kiya tha san 1976 mein jiska naam Cray-1 rakha gaya tha.

2. Mainframe Computer

mainframe (isaka matalab hai, “big iron“) computer ki dekhne mein bahut hi bade lohe ki imarat ke tarah hote hain. ye bahut had tak computer ke tarah hee hote hain, vaheen in donon mein jo main antar hai vo ye ki ek supercomputer apne sabhi raw power ka istamaal karata hai vo bhi bas kuch tasks ke liye hi, vaheen ek mainframes ka istamaal bahut se kaaryon ko ek saath hi karne ke liye istemal kiya jata hai.


inke isprakar ki nature ke lie, mainframes ko aksar employ kiya jaata hai bade organizations mein bulk data processing, jaise kee census, industry aur consumer statistics, enterprise resources planning, aur transaction processing mein.


vaheen ye jyada powerful multi-user computer hone ke vajah se inaka istamal large business organizations mein, examination department mein examinations ke liye, industries aur defense mein aisi daat ko prociss karne ke liye jo ki bahut hee complex hote hain. ye bade hee aasani se bahut saare request ko jaldi se process kar sakte hain. ye bahot se CPU  ke data processing process karne ke liyee hota hai.


kareeb 100 users se bhi jyada users ek samay mein mainframe computer ka istemal kar sakte hain kyon ki ye time sharing mode ke aadhar par kaary karte hai. iske word length hoti hai 48 bits se 64 bits tak.

  1. ibm ne sabse pehle mainframe computer banaya tha, system/ 360, san 1964 mein.
  2. ibm ke dusre udaharan hai: ibm s/390, ibm s/709, ichl 39, chdch 6600

mainframe computer ke applichations hain : –

  • government aur civilian
  • credit card processing karne ke liye
  • bank mein
  • marketing mein
  • business data processing karne ke liye bade organization mein
  • air traffic control system mein
  • industrial design karne ke liye

3. Mini computer

minicomputers bade aur jyada powerful hote hain jyadatar microcomputers kee tulana mein vaheen chote aur kam powerful hote hain jyadatar mainframe computer systems kee tulana mein.

vaheen high-ends models ki micro computer systems (jinhen kee super micros kaha jata hai) vo jyaada powerful hote hain kuhh mid rangai computers se, vaheen high—ends models ke midrange systems (supermini) bee jyada powerful hote hain kuch chote models ke mainframe computers se.

ye bhi ek multi-user computer hota hai jo kee support karata hai ek saath bahut se logon ko kaam karane mein. yeh microcomputer ke tulana mein kemtee hote hain. inka istemal university, bade business organizations mein jyada hota hai complex data  ko process karne ke liye.

saath mein iska istemal scientific research, instrumentation system, engineering analysis, industrial process monitoring aur control mein bhi hota hai.

  • mini computers ke udaharan hai : pdp-11, vax

4. micro computer

micro computer ko personal computer bhi kaha jata hai kyun ki ye ek aisa computer hota hai jise kee design kiya gaya hota hai ek user ke kaam karne ke lie vo bhi ek hi samay mein.

ye term microcomputer sambandhit hai ek term microprocessor se jis ka istamal hota hai ek personal computer ke saath kuch kaary karne ke liye jaise ki data ko process karne ke lie aur instruction codes ko bhi.

ye ek bahut hi common type ka computer hota hai istemal karne ke liye.

  • desktop computers ko mobile hone ke liye nahi banaya gaya hai. inhen ek sthan se dusare sthaan tak liya ja sakta hai lekin bahut hi kam aur jahan par sahi power supply ho. yah ek fixed computer hota hai.
  • san 1976 mein pehla personal computer – apple-1 banaya gaya, ise apple computer ne design kiya tha. san 1981 mein ibm ne bhi apna ibm 5150 pch ko announced kiya.
  • abhee jo computer jyaada istamaal hote hain vo sabhi microcomputer hi hote hain. inhen home pc ya personal computer (pc) bhi kehte hain kyon ki ye single user ke dwara istemal kiya jata hai. ye computer support karta hai bahut se higher level languages, multimaidi, graphics, 3d graphics aur games.
  • ye jyada popular hote hain students, professionals ke beech chunky inke chhote size, low price, aur low maintenance cost ke kaaran. saath hi mein inhen operate karna bhi utna hi aasan hota hai.
  • in micro pc ke kaaran hi internet bahut hi kam samay mein itna jyada popular ho gaya, aur ye sabhi income groups ke liye available hote hain.

5. laptop computers

yeh laptop ya handheld computers replacement nahin hain desktop computers ke lie. jahaan desktop computers ka istamal major processing functions ko perform karne ke liye hota hai, vaheen in laptops ka istamal bhi thodi kam complex kaary mein hota hai.

ye laptop computers bahut hi chote, portable, kam power consuming hote hain, saath mein inhen sabhi modern facilities ke saath equip kiya gaya hota hai jo ki ek modern pc mein hote hain.

ye computers poori tarah se battery se operate hote hain. vaheen inki storage capacity ek personal computer ki tulana mein kam hee hotei hai. lekin inhen kabhi bhi aur kahin par bhi le jaye ja sakta hai aur saath mein istemal bhi kiya ja sakta hai.

laptop computer ko sabse pehle socha tha alan kay jo kee us samay xerox palo alto research centre mein kaam kiya karte the san 1970 mein aur unhone use notebook ka naam diya tha. lekin sabse pahala laptop design kiya gaya tha san 1979 mein william moggridge ke dwara jo kee grid system crops mein kaam karte the.

vaheen san 1983 mein, gavilan ne ek laptop computer produce kiya jo kee 64 kilobyte memory wala tha, usmen ms-dos operating system, touchpad mouse, portable printer bhi tha jiske weight 9IB ke aas paas thee.

6. palmtop computer

jaise jaise logon ko computer ke baare mein pata chala vo iska jyada se jyaada istamaal karane lage. jiske kaaran vaigyanik ko aise nae computers ki khoj karne padte hai jisse kee logon ki jarooraton ko aasaanee se poora kiya ja sake.

isalie palmtop computers ko banaya gaya. isake madad se ise remote area mein bhi istamaal kiya ja sakta hai jahaan ke koi bhi electricity facilities available na ho.

isaka istamaal jyadatar higher authorities, social workers, researcher jo ki aise remote rural area mein kaam karte hain wohi iska jyada use karte hain. jahan desktop ke liye aapko ek tablai ki jaroorat hotee hai, vaheen laptop ke liye aapke lap kee, vaheen palmtop mein aap use apane hatheli mein hi istemal kar sakte hain.

mujhe umeed hai ki aapko mere yah Article computer ke prakar (types of computer in hindi) jarur pasand aaye hogee. meree hamesha se yahi koshish rahati hai kee readers ko computer kitne prakar ke hote hain ke vishay mein poori jankari pradaan kee jaaye jisase unhen kisee dusre site ya internet mein us article ke sandarbh mein kho jane ki jarurat hi nahi hai. isase unakee samay ki bachat bhee hogee aur ek hee jagah mein unhen sabhee information bhee mil jaayenge.